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STI rate in women on birth control high: Study

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Kenyan women on long-acting contraceptives recorded higher rates of sexually transmitted infections, compared to the general population, a new study reveals.

The study done in four African countries, Kenya included, showed that a high number of women in the study who went for modern family planning methods, had gonorrhoea and chlamydia.

Most affected are girls aged 16 to 24 years.

The reason, the study states, is that long-acting contraceptives do not require repeated healthcare visits and are probably the most convenient preventive modalities.

The trial released last month was conducted over three years in Kenya, eSwatini, Zambia and South Africa.

The highly publicised Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (Echo) trial, confirmed hormonal contraceptives do not increase women’s risk of becoming infected with HIV.

The Echo study began in December 2015, enrolling and following 7,829 sexually active, HIV-negative women aged 16 to 35 years across 12 clinical trial sites in the four countries.

In Kenya, 900 women in Kisumu took part in the study, locally coordinated by the Kenya Medical Research Institute.

It was meant to establish whether the use of hormonal contraception, particularly Depo, may increase women’s risk of HIV acquisition.

The Echo trial included sexually active, HIV-negative women aged 16-35 years, seeking effective contraceptives and willing to be randomly assigned one of the three hormonal contraceptive methods.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

Women were followed for 12-18 months across nine sites in SA, three in Kenya, eSwatini and Zambia.

“Few studies had examined whether hormonal implants or IUDs affected users’ risk of HIV acquisition,” said Nelly Mugo, head of the sexual, reproductive, adolescent and child health research programme at Kemri.

The randomised, open-label clinical trial conducted compared HIV risk women on the three most commonly used methods of hormonal contraception: the DMPA-IM shot, a copper intrauterine device (IUD) and a levonorgestrel (LNG) implant.

According to the findings, chlamydia infection was 18 per cent at baseline (start of the study) and 15 per cent at last visit. Overall, gonorrhoea stood at five per cent; this is despite treatment during follow-up visits.

“There is lack of progress in stopping the spread of STIs worldwide. This is a wake-up call for those concerned. We should ensure everyone, everywhere can access the services needed to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases,” Dr Peter Salama, the executive director for Universal Health Coverage and the Life-Course at WHO, said.

Experts also recommended STI testing should now be offered at family planning clinics. Dr James Kiarie, coordinator of WHO’s human reproduction team, said the number is huge and a wake-up call to provide a way forward.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

“We need a truly integrated and comprehensive care, this means that every woman should be able to receive effective and quality contraceptive counselling, STI and TB screening and HIV care under one roof,” Lucy Stackpool-Moore, International AIDS Society Director of HIV Programmes and Advocacy, said during the release of the results.

Experts also recommended STI testing should now be offered at family planning clinics.

Dr James Kiarie, coordinator of WHO’s human reproduction team, said the number is huge and a wake-up call to provide a way forward.

“Women seeking family planning had high rates of gonorrhoea and chlamydia. Chlamydia infection was 18 per cent at baseline (start of the study) and 15 per cent at last visit. Overall gonorrhoea was five per cent,” said Jen Dees, an epidemiologist with FHI 360.

More than a million people around the world would have acquire a sexually transmitted infection daily, the World Health Organisation says, expressing concern over lack of progress in stopping their spread among 15-49 year olds.

In a report, WHO said chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis and syphilis four of the most common venereal infections account for more than a million new cases of curable STIs daily.

The agency said more than 376 million new infections are recorded every year despite cures.

“There is lack of progress in stopping the spread of STIs worldwide. This is a wake-up call those concerned. We should ensure everyone, everywhere can access the services needed to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases. ”Dr Peter Salama, the executive director for Universal Health Coverage and the Life-Course at WHO said.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

“We need a truly integrated and comprehensive care, this means that that every woman should be able to receive effective and quality contraceptive counselling, STI and TB screening and HIV care under one roof,” Lucy Stackpool-Moore, International AIDS Society Director of HIV Programmes and Advocacy, said during the release of the results.

Experts also recommended STI testing should now be offered at family planning clinics.

Dr James Kiarie, coordinator of WHO’s human reproduction team, said the number is huge and a wake-up call to provide a way forward.

“STIs have been forgotten. These were women participating in a clinical trial and had access to treatment, yet STI prevalence was still high,” he said.

“We must be careful we don’t turn family planning solely into HIV prevention services. WHO is looking at the evidence and synthesising it and on July 29 we will come with guidelines on the use of contraceptives for women with a high risk of HIV,” he said.

He also called for an integrated family planning approach.

by nation.co.ke

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Entertainment

Janet Wanja announces engagement to Italian boyfriend

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Could the wedding bells be ringing for Kenyan volleyball star Janet Wanja?

The Kenya Pipeline setter on Tuesday took to Facebook and announced her engagement to Italian boyfriend Giulio Calauti.

This piece of news was received with excitement and congratulatory notes from her friends on Facebook with some asking when to expect her in a wedding gown.

VISIT HIS FAMILY

Wanja has been dating Giulio for the past year or so and at some point, the Italian invited the Malkia Striker to Italy to visit his family.

And perhaps to show her commitment, Wanja appears to be learning some Italian going by the recent birthday message she posted to her better half.

“I thank God for blessing you yet another year to celebrate. My prayer is He keeps watching over you as He Always Has. Grazie mio cuore (thank you my heart) for always being there for me and loving me in waits I could never have imagined,” wrote Wanja.

The development provides a triple celebration for Wanja who recently helped the national women volleyball team win the African Games title in Morocco.

She also landed a lucrative endorsement deal with a betting company believed to be worth millions of shillings.

Janet Wanja.

by NN

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control
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17th body found floating on Nairobi River during clean-up

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A body of an infant has been found during the ongoing clean-up of Nairobi River in Korogocho area.

The discovery brings to 17 the number of bodies retrieved from the river since Governor Sonko launched the Nairobi River cleanup exercise early last year, according to Nairobi county government spokesman Elkana Jacob. So far, bodies of 13 infants and four adults have been retrieved from the river.

“Right now we are still in shock,” said Fredrick Okinda, chairman of Komb-Green Solutions, the organisation behind the clean-up. “One of us saw the floating baby and we rushed to save him as a team. We managed to recover him but he was already dead.”

This is the ninth baby his organisation has found in one section of the river in a few months. The team has buried the bodies in a makeshift grave next to the river.

PLASTIC BAG

Okinda believes that this was another aborted baby and has previously blamed illegal clinics for some of the bodies found.

In May, the clean-up crew found the body of an eight-year-old boy, just days after the bodies of twin babies were discovered in a plastic bag.

Abortions are illegal in Kenya, unless a woman’s life or health is in danger.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

The news coincides with the first day of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), which sees thousands of experts in sexual and reproductive health gather in Nairobi.

Some 6,000 people – including heads of state, government ministers and donors – will gather to discuss everything from sex education to maternal deaths and child marriage.

The event has come under fire from Christian groups who claim that it is promoting abortion and homosexuality in Kenya.

At a press conference on Monday, Saitoti Torome, Principal Secretary at the State Department of Planning, said authorities had been engaging with faith-based organisations to ensure that concerns were addressed.

“There is no attempt to push issues like homosexuality and abortion at this conference,” he said.

“This is a global summit, not a Kenya summit,” added Arthur Erken, UNFPA’s Director of Communications and Strategic Partnerships.

“This is an important issue for women and girls and that is why we cannot shy away from these difficult issues. What to do with it afterward is the sovereign right of every nation.”

BY NN

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Entertainment

Nyashinski changes his name through gazette notice

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Rapper Nyashinski has dropped one name from his official name. In a gazette notice issued on November 1, Nyashinski, whose real name is Inyatta Nyamari Ongegu, now wishes to only be referred to as Nyamari Ongegu.

Abandoning the use of his first name, Inyatta.

“Notice is given that by a deed poll dated the 10th April, 2019 duly executed and registered in the registry of Documents at Nairobi. Formerly known as Inyatta Nyamari Ongegu formally and absolutely renounced and abandoned the use of his former name Inyatta Nyamari Ongegu, and in lieu thereof assumed and adopted the name Nyamari Ongegu, for all purposes and authorizes and requests all persons at all times to designate, describe and address him by his assumed name Nyamari Ongegu only,” read part of the gazette notice.

Nyashinski is yet to reveal the reasons for his decision to drop the name.

It appears the rapper made the decision before celebrating his traditional wedding to his longtime girlfriend Zippy Jepkemei Bett.

BY NN

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control
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