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STI rate in women on birth control high: Study

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Kenyan women on long-acting contraceptives recorded higher rates of sexually transmitted infections, compared to the general population, a new study reveals.

The study done in four African countries, Kenya included, showed that a high number of women in the study who went for modern family planning methods, had gonorrhoea and chlamydia.

Most affected are girls aged 16 to 24 years.

The reason, the study states, is that long-acting contraceptives do not require repeated healthcare visits and are probably the most convenient preventive modalities.

The trial released last month was conducted over three years in Kenya, eSwatini, Zambia and South Africa.

The highly publicised Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (Echo) trial, confirmed hormonal contraceptives do not increase women’s risk of becoming infected with HIV.

The Echo study began in December 2015, enrolling and following 7,829 sexually active, HIV-negative women aged 16 to 35 years across 12 clinical trial sites in the four countries.

In Kenya, 900 women in Kisumu took part in the study, locally coordinated by the Kenya Medical Research Institute.

It was meant to establish whether the use of hormonal contraception, particularly Depo, may increase women’s risk of HIV acquisition.

The Echo trial included sexually active, HIV-negative women aged 16-35 years, seeking effective contraceptives and willing to be randomly assigned one of the three hormonal contraceptive methods.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

Women were followed for 12-18 months across nine sites in SA, three in Kenya, eSwatini and Zambia.

“Few studies had examined whether hormonal implants or IUDs affected users’ risk of HIV acquisition,” said Nelly Mugo, head of the sexual, reproductive, adolescent and child health research programme at Kemri.

The randomised, open-label clinical trial conducted compared HIV risk women on the three most commonly used methods of hormonal contraception: the DMPA-IM shot, a copper intrauterine device (IUD) and a levonorgestrel (LNG) implant.

According to the findings, chlamydia infection was 18 per cent at baseline (start of the study) and 15 per cent at last visit. Overall, gonorrhoea stood at five per cent; this is despite treatment during follow-up visits.

“There is lack of progress in stopping the spread of STIs worldwide. This is a wake-up call for those concerned. We should ensure everyone, everywhere can access the services needed to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases,” Dr Peter Salama, the executive director for Universal Health Coverage and the Life-Course at WHO, said.

Experts also recommended STI testing should now be offered at family planning clinics. Dr James Kiarie, coordinator of WHO’s human reproduction team, said the number is huge and a wake-up call to provide a way forward.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

“We need a truly integrated and comprehensive care, this means that every woman should be able to receive effective and quality contraceptive counselling, STI and TB screening and HIV care under one roof,” Lucy Stackpool-Moore, International AIDS Society Director of HIV Programmes and Advocacy, said during the release of the results.

Experts also recommended STI testing should now be offered at family planning clinics.

Dr James Kiarie, coordinator of WHO’s human reproduction team, said the number is huge and a wake-up call to provide a way forward.

“Women seeking family planning had high rates of gonorrhoea and chlamydia. Chlamydia infection was 18 per cent at baseline (start of the study) and 15 per cent at last visit. Overall gonorrhoea was five per cent,” said Jen Dees, an epidemiologist with FHI 360.

More than a million people around the world would have acquire a sexually transmitted infection daily, the World Health Organisation says, expressing concern over lack of progress in stopping their spread among 15-49 year olds.

In a report, WHO said chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis and syphilis four of the most common venereal infections account for more than a million new cases of curable STIs daily.

The agency said more than 376 million new infections are recorded every year despite cures.

“There is lack of progress in stopping the spread of STIs worldwide. This is a wake-up call those concerned. We should ensure everyone, everywhere can access the services needed to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases. ”Dr Peter Salama, the executive director for Universal Health Coverage and the Life-Course at WHO said.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

“We need a truly integrated and comprehensive care, this means that that every woman should be able to receive effective and quality contraceptive counselling, STI and TB screening and HIV care under one roof,” Lucy Stackpool-Moore, International AIDS Society Director of HIV Programmes and Advocacy, said during the release of the results.

Experts also recommended STI testing should now be offered at family planning clinics.

Dr James Kiarie, coordinator of WHO’s human reproduction team, said the number is huge and a wake-up call to provide a way forward.

“STIs have been forgotten. These were women participating in a clinical trial and had access to treatment, yet STI prevalence was still high,” he said.

“We must be careful we don’t turn family planning solely into HIV prevention services. WHO is looking at the evidence and synthesising it and on July 29 we will come with guidelines on the use of contraceptives for women with a high risk of HIV,” he said.

He also called for an integrated family planning approach.

by nation.co.ke

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Joyce Maina confirms dating sports anchor Tony Kwalanda

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BY KEVIN KOECH

After several speculations from netizens over who Joyce Maina’s mysterious man is, she has finally confirmed that she is dating Switch Tv’s sports journalist Tony Kwalanda.

The two have decided not to hide their strong emotions from the public anymore; as many of their social media fans already seemed to have uncovered their relationship.

They made the official announcement through their Instagram stories earlier today by uploading a photo of the lovebirds romantically kissing. They each also use the same picture as their phone wallpapers.

It is unclear when this work-relationship started since both the anchors work at Red Cross owned station Switch Tv.

However, just two months ago, sports journalist Tony Kwalanda confessed his long-time crush for Joyce Maina during one of his interviews on Chatspot Tv show.

At the time Tony Kwalanda was yet to meet Joyce Maina, but he confessed having watched her show several times.

He further suggested that the two go on even one date, which to our surprise, has blossomed to this beautiful union.

Joyce Maina started posting her photos with her alleged mysterious man about a week ago, which raised many speculations amongst her fans.

Some of her fans suggested that she was dating gospel singer’s Size 8 husband and Crossover show host Dj Mo.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

This story highly angered the Chatspot show host, and she angrily lashed out on live TV, calling the fake rumour-mongers ‘sad pathetic losers’ for thinking that she’d publicly post a married man.

Joyce Maina added that she does not know Dj Mo personally neither has she ever met him in person.

According to her, she likes her men dark skin and also she would never break a stable home as she knows the importance of children growing with both parents.

Tony Kwalanda started working at Switch TV about three months ago after being fired from K24 TV where he had worked for 11 years. He was among over 100 journalists who had been laid off by the station over alleged redundancy.

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News

Citizen TV, Milele FM correspondents escape unhurt in carjack incident 

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BY KEVIN KOECH

Two journalists escaped death by a whisker after carjackers wielding machetes attacked them in Kisii on Thursday night, September 24.

The two, Citizen TV’s Chrispine Otieno and Milele FM’s Monica Zabibu, were traveling together when this incident happened.

They had gone to cover a charity event at Gasinga in Kisii.

While the two were traveling back, a D-Max pickup overtook their Probox only to block the road a few meters ahead.

The D-Max participants ordered the journalists out and started harassing them.

Some area residents revealed they saw another vehicle, a minivan joining the scene, and continue to harass the journalists.

In an effort to save himself, Chrispine Otieno ran into a nearby maize farm, leaving the others behind.

However, the Citizen TV news anchor tripped and injured his leg.

The police and other villagers rescued Milele FM’s Zabibu and the other two people in the Probox.

Jebel Munene, Kisii County Police Commander, confirmed the incident and further revealed he had deployed police officers to the scene to conduct investigations on the matter.

This is not the first time that robbers have attempted to injure journalists, in January, the Media Council of Kenya called upon the DPP to investigate cases of police officers assaulting journalists.

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control

“MCK wishes to draw the attention of the director of public prosecutions and Independent Police Oversight Authority (IPOA) to this matter with a view of facilitating justice for the journalists affected by the pending cases,” the media council said during a press conference.

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Entertainment

A very pregnant Grace Msalame and daughters show off their dancing skills in new catchy video

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Grace Msalame might be in her 39th week of pregnancy but don’t be fooled. This particular lady can dance better than most slay queens parading their half danced bodies on social media.

Well, we found out about Msalame’s dancing skills through a video shared on her page. The lady who is seen rocking quite a huge baby bump went on to shake her body; and what made the video more cute is the fact that she was joined by her twin daughters.

Judging from how the girls moved, it’s obvious to see that the dancing skills run in the family; and the fact that they also look everything like their mummy – gave fans another reason to talk!

39 weeks and still strong

From how sexy the pregnant mama looks, one wouldn’t tell that she is just a few days from popping! This comes as a big surprise considering the fact that most pregnant women tend to be lazy days before having the baby.

Well, Grace Msalame is definitely not one of them and the video says it all!

READ ALSO:   VIDEO: Magufuli calls for end to birth control
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