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How to manage Covid-19 at home



With the Covid-19 vaccine still months away and more people getting sick, those with mild symptoms have turned to home remedies to ease their pain.

According to research, home remedies with antiviral properties help build immunity and manage symptoms such as fever, sore throat and cough.


Ginger is among the healthiest spices in the world known for its rich nutrients, as well as its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral properties. The herb contains antioxidants — compounds that help the body fight off diseases, including those that affect the lungs.

Scientific research around the significance of ginger has shown that it inhibits rhinovirus, which causes the common cold. A 2013 research published on the National Centre for Biotechnology Information showed that fresh ginger has anti-viral activity against several human respiratory diseases.

The study also pointed out that fresh ginger was more effective than dried ginger.

Ginger also contains gingerol (the bioactive substance in fresh ginger), which can help lower the risk of infections.

In addition to benefits to the respiratory system, ginger is useful in reducing inflammation and supporting cardiovascular health.

Several patients with Covid-19 have indicated that they experienced muscle pain and soreness. To relieve this symptom, patients can take ginger as it is known to be effective against muscle pain.

Citrus fruits (lemons and oranges)


Lemon works similarly to Apple Cider Vinegar as a rinse. PHOTO | FILE

Citrus fruits are rich sources of Vitamin C and fibre. A 58-gramme lemon can provide over 30 milligrams of Vitamin C, while a large orange provides over 100 per cent of the required daily intake.

Vitamin C is essential for relieving flu-like symptoms or common cold as well as providing protection against immune system deficiencies.

Medical research has shown that high levels of vitamin C in the body is an indicator of overall good health, which is related to heightened immunity and longer life. People with a vitamin C-rich diet have been found to be at lesser risk of contracting the common cold.

Given that the body is not able to make or store it, it is advisable to include many Vitamin C-rich food in your daily diet. Vitamin C is also a powerful antioxidant that can strengthen the body’s natural defences by boosting the immune system. Consuming Vitamin C can increase blood antioxidant levels by up to 30 per cent.

They also encourage the production lymphocytes and phagocytes (types of white blood cells), which help protect the body against infection.

In addition, Vitamin C protect cells from harmful molecules called free radicals, which when accumulate, they can promote oxidative stress and result to chronic diseases.

As Covid-19 has showed signs of affecting other body organs in the body such as the liver, heart and disrupts the body balance, vitamin C can help reduce such complications.

They are known to help lower blood pressure as studies show vitamin C help blood vessels relax.

Vitamin C also reduces the risk of heart disease, prevent iron deficiency in the body and improve hydration which is essential for recovering patients.

Most people consume lemon by adding fresh slices to hot or cold water. Some people add honey, ginger, turmeric, cinnamon or mint to add flavour. Oranges, on the other hand, can be peeled and eaten just like any other fruit.

Nutritionist advice that adult males should consume 90 milligrams of vitamin C per day while females should consume 75 mg per day.

During pregnancy, women should have 85 mg a day, and 120 mg while breastfeeding.



A bottle of honey. PHOTO | FILE | NATION MEDIA GROUP

One of the oldest natural home remedies known to man, honey is today commonly used to soothe coughs and sore throat, making it an easy option for many who are under home-based care for mild to moderate Covid-19 symptoms.

Nutritionists prefer people to take raw honey, which has more nutritional value as compared to those which have undergone pasteurisation. It contains varied amounts of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, magnesium, manganese, potassium, zinc, riboflavin and pantothenic acid, among other nutrients.

Honey is a natural antibacterial and antimicrobial agent. Its chemical composition contains hydrogen peroxide and glucose oxidase as well as a low pH level, which means it does not only prevent bacteria to grow, it also kills harmful bacteria and fungi.

Several studies have suggested that honey may be as or more effective than some over-the-counter cough medicines for cough and sore throat, particularly for children.

However, it should never be given to children under the age of one due to the risk for botulism.

To ease Covid-19 symptoms such as a sore throat or cough, add one or two teaspoonfuls of honey to hot tea with lemon.

Avoid other liquids or foods immediately afterward to allow the honey to coat the throat.

Apple Cider vinegar


Apple cider vinegar. PHOTO | FILE

Apple cider vinegar is a popular home remedy that has been used for centuries in cooking and medicinal purposes. It is made by combining apples with yeast, which converts the sugar into alcohol, giving it the sour taste and strong smell.

Apple cider vinegar has various health properties, including antimicrobial and antioxidant effects. It contains a variety of minerals such as magnesium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, amino acids, and antioxidants.

It might offer other benefits such as aiding weight loss and reducing cholesterol, lowering blood sugar levels, and improving the symptoms of diabetes.

Other studies have also shown that apple cider vinegar has antimicrobial effects and is effective in fighting off bacteria. It is also proved to help quicken the recovery process.

Due to its acidic nature, the liquid can be used in moderation to break down mucus in the throat and stop bacteria from spreading, thus it is effective for sore throats— a major symptom of Covid-19.

In the event of an oncoming sore throat, try diluting one to two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in one cup of water and gargle with it.

Follow this up with a small sip of the mixture and repeat the entire process one to two times per hour, depending on the severity.

Ensure to drink plenty of water in between the gargling sessions, this will prevent any throat burns as well as protect the teeth from damage.


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NMS apologises for Pumwani child birth fiasco, takes actions



All the four hospitals in the capital, which are run by the Nairobi County government, will now be manned by officers from the National Police Service to prevent disruption of services.

The Nairobi Metropolitan Services (NMS) announced this on Saturday after making several changes at Pumwani Maternity Hospital following an incident on September 13 in which a woman gave birth at the gate.

In a statement, NMS’ Director of Health Services, Dr Josephine Kibaru-Mbae, explained that the woman was denied entry into the facility.

Dr Kibaru-Mbae noted that the incident took place two days after nurses began a legal go-slow but added that essential services were still being offered.

“The security guard denied the patient access to the premises in a very unfortunate incident [but] a nurse from the maternity ward was notified,” she said, adding the medic rushed to the scene and helped with the delivery and the patient’s admission.


The agency apologised for the incident and said that going forward, officers from the NPS will augment provision of security at the four main county hospitals.

The other three are Mbagathi, Mama Lucy Kibaki and Mutuini.

“We take this opportunity to apologise to all Kenyans and mothers in particular for this unfortunate incident,” Dr Kibaru-Mbae said.

She assured the safety of the mother and child, saying they were both well and were discharged on Friday.

“NMS commends the nurses who quickly assisted the patient,” she said, adding Pumwani’s security team was changed and a customer care desk set up.

“NMS commits to train front office staff in all its facilities,” she added.

This is not the first time Pumwani has been in the limelight for the wrong reasons. Cases of mothers delivering outside the wards as well as those of child theft have been rife at the health facility.


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All about subdural hematoma, condition Nameless’ dad has been suffering from



Kenyan artiste Nameless has revealed that his dad has been ailing from a condition known as Subdural Hematoma in medical terms.

A subdural hematoma is a collection of blood outside the brain. It occurs when there is a head injury.

The bleeding is under the skull and outside the brain, not in the brain itself. As blood pools, however, it puts more pressure on the brain.

In the case of Nameless dad, the condition had led to clots in the head which in turn were causing minor strokes.

Below are things to learn about the condition.

There are different symptoms to Subdural hematoma and some include

  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Change in behavior
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lethargy or excessive drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Apathy
  • Seizures

The symptoms in subdural hematoma patients are not standard, it varies from one patient to another.

The conditions that influence the symptoms one has when battling subdural hematoma include

  • The size of the hematoma
  • Age of the patient
  • Other underlying medical conditions

Hematoma is majorly caused by a head injury, such as from a fall, motor vehicle collision, or an assault.

The sudden blow to the head tears blood vessels that run along the surface of the brain.

A subdural hematoma can be diagnosed using imaging tests, such as a CT or MRI scan.

Your doctor may also give you a physical examination to check your heart rate and blood pressure for evidence of internal bleeding.

An acute subdural hematoma can only be treated in an operating room.

A surgical procedure called a craniotomy may be used to remove a large subdural hematoma.

It’s normally used to treat acute subdural hematomas. In this procedure, your surgeon removes a part of your skull in order to access the clot or hematoma.

They then use suction and irrigation to remove it.

Results of hematoma may include

  • brain herniation, which puts pressure on your brain and can cause a coma or death
  • seizures
  • permanent muscle weakness or numbness.


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Couple’s triumph after testing positive



At the beginning of July this year, Geoffrey Alemba, a protocol officer in an international organisation in Nairobi was suffering from severe fever. He did not think much of it, hence he suffered through it for two more nights before seeking treatment on July 3 upon his wife, Sylvie’s insistence. The tests showed he had an acute bacterial infection. He was put on medication and went back home. By Monday July 5, the symptoms worsened , with a backache setting in.

When he began exhibiting Covid-19 symptoms such as nausea and dry throat he decided to seek treatment on July 8, with Sylvie offering to drive him to the hospital. His wife stayed with him as the doctors conducted a battery of tests, ranging from CT Scans to blood tests.

The last test was the nose swab whose results were expected to come out in 24 hours. Geoffrey was admitted and put on isolation, while Sylvie drove home, only to be arrested on her way there for staying out past curfew hours. After a tense twenty- four hours wait, Geoffrey was diagnosed positive.

Death sentence

“I remember breaking down after receiving the diagnosis. All I could remember immediately the doctor stepped out was the constant mention of death and Covid-19 in the same breath. It felt like a death sentence,” Geoffrey explains.

Geoffrey was also in shock as he had been careful both at work and at home. He was the guy who would always have a mask on, and was a vocal advocate for social distancing measures, putting on masks, hand washing and using sanitisers.

He called his wife immediately after his diagnosis and urged her to get tested. Sylvie tested positive, but with no symptoms.

After two days, his symptoms worsened, which necessitated him to be put on oxygen for four days. His doctor told him he was being treated for pneumonia and was put on drip for 10 of the 12 days he was admitted due to loss of appetite.

His body responded well to treatment and he stabilised enough for the second Covid test to be done before being released from hospital. The test came out positive and they opted for home-based care.

Sylvie had to prove that their home was fit to accommodate an ailing patient without posing a risk to other people, as per the Ministry of Health home care guidelines.


Sylvie rearranged their second bedroom and bathroom into his quarantine quarters, bought paper plates and cups to prevent cross infection and he was discharged armed with multi-vitamins and an inhaler.

“First of all, if it wasn’t for God, it would have been worse. I thank him for life and for Sylvie. Sylvie has been supportive. She would cook for me masked and wearing gloves, place the food and drinks for me in disposable plates and cups, and gave me emotional support via phone through it all,” Geoffrey enthuses.

Geoffrey just finished using his inhaler two weeks ago, though he is still on multivitamins for an immunity boost. Four tests later, he has tested negative twice and is back to work. After five tests, his wife is also negative and back to work too.

“People at the office have been supportive. I cannot say I have been stigmatised on that end. Our landlord and neighbours have also been kind and supportive. Of course, there is that fear that you can almost feel emanating from friends. There is also this one incident which I find more hilarious than hurtful. I had parked my car in a place where the guard knows me. He came to check the car and on seeing me, quickly pulled up his mask, which had been lying on his chin and took off without a word,” he further elaborates.

Alemba is still a passionate advocate for people to practice the MOH guidelines for Covid-19 prevention. He is testament to the fact that Covid is real; he has a sizeable dent in his finances to show for it. He talks of the need to care for others as one can be asymptomatic and easily spread it to others. He talks with reverence of the doctors and nurses who walked him to recovery.

“Seeing the nurses sweating and still smiling in their PPEs as they took care of us was quite humbling. One nurse told us of how the neighbour’s children run away from her whenever they spot her since they know she works with Covid patients.

“Knowing that there are all these people who stand between the ailing and certain death is quite sobering. If for no other reason, they should inspire you to be better just so you do not unnecessarily risk their lives. This whole experience has made me be want to be kinder and to be gentle towards other people and their experiences. You never know what someone has gone through. Even when they share it, you may not grasp its full depth or breadth,” he concludes.


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