By Wanja Waweru
A lottery system is used by the Citizenship and Immigration Services of the United States of America to randomly assign 50,000 visas to applicants seeking permanent citizenship.
There are three ways to apply for this Green Card: as an immigrant with a family preference, an immigrant based on job, or as an immediate relative of a US citizen.
One must fall into one of the three aforementioned categories in order to be eligible to apply for a Green Card.
An applicant is eligible to apply for a card if they are the spouse of a US citizen, the unmarried child of a US citizen under the age of 21, or the parent of a US citizen who is at least 21 years old.
An applicant is eligible to apply under the family-based preference if they are a spouse of a lawful permanent resident, an unmarried child of a lawful permanent resident under the age of 21, the unmarried child of a lawful permanent resident who is 21 years old or older, a married child of a lawful permanent resident, a sibling of a lawful permanent resident who is at least 21 years old, or a married child of a lawful permanent resident.
Although there is no upper age limit for those seeking a Green Card based on employment, the conditions to do so exclude younger applicants.
This category’s requirements include, among others, that a candidate be an outstanding professor or researcher, a multinational manager or executive who satisfies specific requirements, a member of a profession that necessitates an advanced degree, or possess exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, or business.
Additionally, candidates for this category must be skilled workers with at least two years of experience in their field, be professionals, or be unskilled, meaning they will undertake unskilled labor for which fewer than two years of education or training are required.